I am shocked to learn of a Scottish involvement and really think we should have learned about this in school. But as The British General Ironside pointed out it was more than possible that The Germans could have invaded The British Isles down The Colliers and Salters (Scotland) Act 1775 stated that "many colliers and salters are in a state of slavery and bondage" and announced emancipation; those starting work after 1 July 1775 would not become slaves, while those already in a state of slavery could, after 7 or 10 years depending on their age, apply for a decree of the Sheriff's Court granting their freedom. In spring of this year I was planning a photography trip to Jamaica and researching historical figures who left home in the 1700s to embark on a journey across the Atlantic in pursuit of great wealth. 1769–1778) was a man born in Guinea (the general name of West Africa) and there seized into slavery. In 1796, Scots owned nearly 30 per cent of the estates in Jamaica and by 1817, a staggering 32 per cent of the slaves. I hope the focus to explore this will continue. There's no point denying our role in slavery and indeed, shouldn’t we be in dialogue with the Caribbean nations to ask how we can make amends for this period? There’ currently a small revival of people going back to the first Christian faith of Orthodox Christianity. Just The exuberance and musical audacity of reggae has been a constant in my life and Jamaican culture always seemed so self-assured that I craved to experience it first-hand. According to Devine, not only had Scottish planters in Jamaica bought thousands of slaves straight off the boat and put them to back-breaking work in the sugar cane fields, but the huge profits they made in the process had boosted the Scottish economy. Catholics were not considered fully white in the USA. We do not pre-moderate or monitor readers’ comments appearing on our websites, but we do post-moderate in response to complaints we receive or otherwise when a potential problem comes to our attention. There were always many more indentured servants than slave owners, the last of whom were never anything other than a small minority in America, even in the South. In the last six months I have been shooting a project which examines Scotland’s links with the slave-based sugar economy of Jamaica in the 18th and 19th Century. Something doesn’t add up here. The Athens of the North had a long and profitable relationship with slavery. Lairds, “ have done then ? the played on the timber logs on the river and her sister Catherine rolled under the logs, losing her tammy and nearly her life. Acknowledgement? New graphic novel explores north-east Scotland’s links to the slave trade in Jamaica by Neil Drysdale September 28, 2019, 7:26 am Updated: September 28, 2019, 9:47 am Yet it is a testament to their character that they have managed and still do to present as under dogs and act as if they have suffered like the Irish… Orange order is a good example of their history and shines a light on the truth. These were not indentured servants but slaves. Despite the obvious poverty that pervades the area it is a beautiful place with dense tropical foliage and waterfalls. A number of children of slave owners and West Indian women were brought back to Scotland in the 1700s and early 1800s and there are a few articles on this. Caribbean plantations owned by North East Scots Many North East families owned plantation labour camps in the Caribbean in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Scotland this was the 1600s. These give an insight into Scottish trade with the West Indies at that time. His great national poem, based on Bruce's speech to the army before Bannockburn, 'Scots Wha Hae', reflects blood-firing sentiments that are still active in Scotland today. The Scottish connection with Jamaica dates from 1656 when Oliver Cromwell banished 1200 Scots prisoners-of-war to the recently acquired English colony there. Of Jamaica, he says, this is a country that "has contributed more wealth to the world than it will ever receive, while enduring a most pernicious slavery for hundreds of years". Read more – The Scottish Slavery Map: Plotting out Scotland's past. I dismissed the hints because I did not know that Scotland had slaves. There were hundreds of thousands of Scots sold into slavery during Colonial America. I would to know some more about the Scot Jamaican link if anyone has any info or feedback, please feel free to reach out. Slave sales were banned in Scotland although at times Scots had profited from bringing slaves in to the country. Wow, Finoula is one angry little boy isn’t he? Estate papers and business records of sugar plantations in theCaribbean provide useful information about the management of thebusiness. I think that it is terrible that, at a time when every country on the planet had a slave trade, that the Scots did as well. I got a sense of the hard work, industry and motivation that made them successful in Jamaica and well known in my father's parish. I can only find him on marriage records and birth records for his children. But for a time we misted over our role as perpetrators of this barbarism. Scottish slave masters and slave owners played a significant part in British slavery. https://www.ucl.ac.uk/lbs/search/. As most travelled to Jamaica without wives, another aspect of their lives has gone largely unspoken. I am Scottish from Irish descent, and trust me your way off the mark Finoula. There are full references to thesecollections in the thematic list on slavery available in the Special Collections Reading Room. Jamaica. They have and still have awful history in Ireland but as they have shown skillfully absolve themselves of any wrong doing. A year ago, with the referendum looming large in the national psyche and our collective values being rightly scrutinised, I couldn’t help wondering how we had conspired to forget this episode in our history. “We swept it under the carpet. Scotland seems to be very heavily involved in the Slave Trade. Found documents that they had many. Won. It is appalling but necessary to recognise the countries part in this. Slavery within The United Kingdom when he mounted Scotland has been populated for a very long time since the late iron age after the last ice age by the people known as the picts and had their own culture and identity before the celts had made foothold in the country and before it had taken the name Alba or Scotland. I have been searching on ancestry for my Great Great grandparents and their name keeps coming up in Scotland. through Scotland using Norway as an Embarkation Point. This cannot be grouped with any other issue Finoula as bad as Ireland was and I have strong thoughts and feelings about that also without ever being directly involved or affected, that didn’t affect people all over the world the way slavery has. Even our schools have a dark history. I am shaken to the core over this but at least the Scots were not as bad as the Africans although that does leave us on a par with the English and only a couple of hundred years advanced to the US. Endless Wars, Endless Poverty, lurch from one economic crisis to another, we’ve seen it all before. “As a child I was always interested in our family background and I would get a profound sense of history and Celtic belonging in a sense when told of how 'Old Man McGregor' and his brothers came to Jamaica and fell in love with the country and the ladies. It appears that the captain of the ship which brought him to Jamaica there sold him to John Wedderburn of Ballendean, Scotland. During my time in school we were taught about the oppression of Scotland by the English as well as Scotlands part in colonialism and its part in the slave trade. Young Ps. Yes, there were certainly overseers returning to Scotland (and emigrating to the US and elsewhere) with wealth from the industry. The obvious irony is that 'slavery' is an important word in many of Burns's poems. I n August 1781, a British slave ship, the Zong, left Ghana with 442 slaves aboard – twice the number it was designed to carry – bound for Jamaica. Scotland also played a leading role in abolishing the slave trade. I always thought that the Scots were different and that it was just everyone else that was bad. Many Scots masters were considered among the most brutal, with life expectancy on their plantations averaging a mere four years. We buy the trainers for £100 made for 50p in some Asian sweat shop. I know some generations dropped a ( k) to Kirby in later years c 1900, “The owning of personal slaves was banned in Scotland in 1778-229 years before abolition of the trade.”. MacDonald One was Knight, another was David Spens, who in 1769 was baptised in Wemyss Church in Fife and claimed he should be freed since he was now a Christian. However, Scotland also punched above its weight in the abolition movement. I hope there will be more of that – and maybe study, work and citizenship opportunities for any Jamaicans who wanted it. None of this had been in the economic history syllabus I studied at university; instead the Scottish role in the eventual emancipation of slaves was the more resonant tale in the classroom. As you look out through the misty vegetation down towards the cane fields it is hard not to think of Joseph Knight, dutifully working in the big house for his master. It’s dangerous to look at history with the eyes of the present day. What about William Wallace and Robert the Bruce ? But there culture is no different to English same religion and very little difference. Can anyone point me in a good direction for information? For people looking to find out about Scottish slave owners there is a database. Re: “The owning of personal slaves was banned in Scotland in 1778-229 years before abolition of the trade. Much like Ireland, there were people who wanted to remain Catholic and separate while others wanted to jin the British. He was a merchant born in Scoonie, Fife, in 1740. These people were forced off their land and away from their country just the same as Africans. It must have been terrifying to make another transatlantic voyage after the one that had brought him to Jamaica in chains. Legacies of British Slave-ownership identifies the names of slaveowners in Jamaica at the time of emancipation in 1833. White Scotland doesn’t have the racial structures or barriers that many places have … in fact I didn’t encounter racism until I was in my mid twenties early thirties. Glasgow, Scotland – When abolitionist Frederick Douglass arrived in Scotland on a speaking tour in 1846 from the United States, 13 years had passed since Britain enacted the Slavery … Her teacher would whip their hands if wrong answers were given, with talons attached that would flick around the other side of her hands. Exploitation and “white slavery” still exists. Barnes It still exists today in certain areas of the world . The statue of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, towers over St. Andrew Square. This important precedent didn’t mean all slaves were freed, but did mean no person in Scotland could beheld by law as a slave, which wasn’t the case in England. “There was a feeling in Scotland that something was wrong, which is not to say we didn’t let it go on for 300 years.”. To name but a few, Very Scottish names which are very common amongst people of African Origin residing in the Caribbean. Before the British took over, Scots were Roman Catholic. That set of Campbells got around the plantation and got around it good. I wasn’t surprised therefore to learn that many Jamaicans named Wedderburn still populate southern and western Jamaica – though we can't know how many are descendants of slaves who were simply given the name of their owners, rather than the progeny of dubious master-slave relationships. It is a question that One was brought from Virginia to Beith in Ayrshire and trained as joiner so he could be sold later for a profit. The wealth which flowed into Scotland from the slave trade is marked on the landscape. The stunning Inveresk Lodge in Edinburgh, now open to the public, was bought by James Wedderburn with money earned from 27 years in Jamaica as a notorious slaver. Under the command of Penn and Venables the English captured Jamaica from the Spanish in 1655. James Robertson visited the location while researching the novel and his evocative descriptions of the area's topology conjure up the sights, smells and noises of this corner of rural Jamaica. I’m not sure that’s correct, but I think that it is right and proper to have your attitudes and thinking challenged regularly so you can modify your behaviour. Our Vision is to have…, Over 300 years we’ve cultivated a reputation that inspires respect and built a business on expert insight and…, Our Police Constables are our face and voice in the community. You would have anyone reading believing that everyone in Scotland is a member of the Orange and that we all hate the English. I think everyone here needs to take a “chill pill” I think would be the vernacular. Thanks to his keen recollection of place and scenery I found myself driving a hire car up some perilously unmaintained roads, past makeshift houses with zinc roofs and walls, to the top of a green hill where the Glen Islay Seventh Day Adventist Church stood. With a long history in the training of teachers, we…, By consistently living our values, we seek to eliminate those things that undermine or are harmful to anyone…, Exploring Black History: The 1817 Slave Registers Uncovered, BBM 2021 New Year Music Industry Knowledge-Boosting Online Masterclass, The South West London Adoption Consortium, https://www.dailystrength.org/journals/eczema-miracle-hemp-will-make-a-difference-6, The Welsh slave owner and anti-abolitionist MP Richard Pennant, Cheshire Constabulary – Join our policing family, Do you want to become a Police officer? beginning of the end for the unbelievable practice of Even though the Tumbling Lassie case of 1687 had already declared slavery illegal in Scotland, it was still assumed to be legal on Scottish soil. But there is no doubt the profits slaves helped to create kick-started the industrial revolution in Scotland and brought it’s merchants and traders great wealth. Scots travelled out to the colonies and generated great wealth for Scotland based on slave labour. Sadly, his master died before a legal judgement could be made. Jamaica has not forgotten slavery, far from it, but it has reckoned with it, and this is something that Scotland needs to do. I’ve found four of five families of siblings that ended up going from West Indies to Scotland to Australia in the first half of the 1800s, all with West Indian ancestry. I was determined to visit Glen Isla myself but it is so small that it doesn’t feature on any Google Earth map, so I asked Robertson for directions to the plantation itself. When they slipped her in home back in their tenement house with the shiny brass doorstep, she was dripping wet and they were terrified that their mother would find out where they’d been. Robertson’s novel is a page-turner and a sick-to-the-stomach indictment of the savage conditions that underpinned the sugar trade, but the most incredible aspect of it is that it is based on a true story. Many of Scotish industries, schools and churches were founded from the profits of African slavery. READ MORE: Scotland's slavery role must be laid bare before we can build better future Burns’s ambiguity was typical. This important precedent didn’t mean all slaves were freed, but did mean no person in Scotland could beheld by law as a slave, which wasn’t the case in England.”. (free database) A Tale of Two Plantations: Enslaved Families in Virginia and Jamaica explores enslaved families at the Mesopotamia plantation in Jamaica. He is our brother, and he is a man.” The fact there were fewer black slaves in Scotland gave Scots a greater sense of their individuality. Surnames remain a sensitive topic in Jamaica. Scotland’s slave trade legacy. The owning of personal slaves was banned in Scotland in 1778-229 years before abolition of the trade. The average person is/was one. Before the Great Schism in 1052 when Catholics were excommunicated from the rest of Christendom, all of the British isles were either part of the Early Orthodox Church or pagans. Robertson's Saltire Prize-winning novel, Joseph Knight, tells the story of a rich Scot, John Wedderburn, and his brothers, who left for Jamaica soon after the Jacobite rebellion of 1745. Jolly As a starting-point I wanted to see for myself what impact Scotland of the 18th and 19th century had made on this large island of nearly three million people who are world-renowned for their warm welcome and vivacious national identity. What I never considered was that between 1606 and 1799, these miners were actually slaves in Scotland. Could I find a way to link the little-known backstory of Scotland's role in the troubling history of slavery in colonial Jamaica with our present? The long-standing relationship between Scotland and Jamaica has been the subject of renewed public discussion recently. First time researching and reading up on all this, mainly because I am currently watching golf and they’re playing on a course designed by Donald Ross. After all, few vessels left Scottish ports for Africa to participate in the horrific slave trade. Scotland also played a leading role in abolishing the slave trade. Smith felt that the First time researching and reading up on all this, mainly because I am currently watching golf and they’re playing on a course designed by Donald Ross. Sarah Campbell married William Shaw Byrne (white english) and they had Ann Shaw (a mustee) William and Ann were my father in laws g-g-g grandparents. Yes, slavery has existed since the days that man first realised he could beat his neighbour and oppress him. It would be nice, though currently naive, to say “to live in a world where the colour of your skin was neither here not there”, but we’re quite a way from that..sadly. In Jamaica they first trained as doctors then bought land with the aim of growing sugar. At the same time the government in Scotland was exiling criminals and … Most slaves were black but many were Asian and even on the Barbary Coast the slaves were white Europeans. Mr Whyte said: “There were slaves who struck out for freedom in Scotland and prepared the ground for abolition.”. The Scottish justice system issued a much clearer ruling against local slavery in 1778 in Knight vs Wedderburn. Most overseers and plantocracy in Jamaica and the American south were of Scottish ancestry. Wedderburn’s father had fought under the Great Pretender at Culloden, and paid for it by being hung, drawn and quartered at Kennington Common in London. Diana Macaulay, an award-winning author and founder of the Jamaica Environment Trust, a pressure group for maintaining the island’s natural landscapes. Any information would be greatly appreciated. You will find it fascinating. We are connected to the Campbell’s of St Elizabeth by James Campbell who had Sarah Campbell (a quadroon) with Ann Reynolds (a plantation slave). Those ads you do see are predominantly from local businesses promoting local services. This is unfortunately the Brexit rhetoric feeding the fear and economic stability of people who are already struggling. Read more – The Scottish Slavery Map: Plotting out Scotland's past. Even Robert Burns was considering a position as a book-keeper in a plantation before poetry revived his fortunes. The Chisholme, Ellice, Houston and Melville Paperscontain good examples. Pop down off your high horse and join some reasonable discussion, would you thanks. Any suggestions of where i might find more info. As an adult, I developed a sense of pride in all aspects of my background, regardless of where such background elements may hail from.”. There is a great stirring of painful memories in Scotland today and Jamaica is at the heart of the reawakening. These industries, which saw Glasgow and much of the country flourish, were built on the back of slavery. Around 1769, Joseph Knight sailed with John Wedderburn for Scotland. I’ve been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this web site. Recovering Scotland's Slavery Past: The Caribbean Connection, ed T M Devine, Edinburgh University Press, 2015: "For more than a century and a half the real story of Scotland's connections to transatlantic slavery has been lost to history and shrouded in myth. Barnett FORCED LABOUR IS FORCED LABOUR. Data returned from the Piano 'meterActive/meterExpired' callback event. While many colonists perished pursuing their get-rich schemes, others endured the stifling heat and tropical illnesses, sustained by their dreams of a triumphant and wealthy return. In many cases, these people are white Europeans. As most scots would say , yer full ae shite. All We should investigate this further as a country and take necessary steps. So BAME/POC, what do you want as your short-term, medium, and longer term goals. Ottobah Cugoano, also known as John Stuart (c.1757 – after 1791), was an African abolitionist who was active…, The abolitionists were up against some formidable economic interests – and some of them even ended up getting…, The town and its inhabitants derived great civic and personal wealth from the trade which laid the foundations…, In Jamaica there exists a community called Pennants. We’re all human beings, with different wants, needs, abilities, cultures, and ideas. As for religion I think you need to educate yourself on the differences between the Kirk and CoE, and then there is the fact that that over 40% of Scots do not identify with any sky fairy. In 1796, Scots owned nearly 30 per cent of the estates in Jamaica and by 1817, a staggering 32 per cent of the slaves. The fact there were fewer black slaves in Scotland … I have started tracing the family line of Kirkby but can not get any further in this blood line than my great great grandfather to see if there is a Scottish connection. Did they take part in that also ? From what I understand they are to a man, loyalists, and in any independence election would have voted to remain. In 1817 Scots owned almost a third of all the slaves in Jamaica. I don’t know, so I am asking what BAME/POC (which is preferable, the term seems to change regularly) actually want from Black History month and BLM? Married and … Good, balance piece but for an excellent wider viewpoint on the subject please, please, please listen to THOMAS SOWELL – THE REAL HISTORY OF SLAVERY on youtube. In 1662 there were about 400 Negro slaves on the island. This followed the case of James Knight, a slave who won his freedom when the Court of Session in Edinburgh ruled Scotland could not support slavery. Walking around the property you can imagine how rootless he must have felt among Perthshire high-society where his status was an ornament, or worse, an exotic pet. Some sweeping statements made by Finoula. Maybe The Godfather Stephen McLaren. Every time I ran a search it took me to Scotland, I then googled slaves in Scotland and was astonished to find out that Scotland had slaves. He said: “For many years Scotland’s historians harboured the illusion that our nation had little to do with the slave trade or plantation slavery. How could it not be when slaves were banished from keeping their original names and were given names, often comedic or infantile, by their owners? As a subscriber, you are shown 80% less display advertising when reading our articles. Mr Whyte said: “The neighbours heard his cries, cut him down and took him to the magistrates to free him. SLAVES AND SLAVERY IN JAMAICA. Robertson’s mapping of Jamaica is also in itself an illustration of other linkages between Scotland and Caribbean slavery. One day a boy was hung from his feet outside of a window on the second floor by his teacher. does so now. In addition I wanted to return home and photograph how the vast profits from the slave economy in Jamaica have left their mark on Scotland. He ran away from Port Glasgow and died in Edinburgh’s Tollbooth Jail. Ways in which Scotland and the Scots were embroiled in the slavery in jamaica bbc documentary slave trade in. The German Leader, Adolf Hitler, was never really serious about a Land Invasion of The British Isles as he made ( Smith did oppose Slavery on Moral Grounds too Mr Whyte said: “We can be ashamed of our past but also proud of it. Bathgate Academy was built from money willed by John Newland, a renowned slave master and Dollar Academy has a similar foundation. It was an important step in the abolition of slavery itself and in the suppression of the slave trade. How frequently you update your It was only when economists like the Scot Adam Smith suggested slavery hampered freedom of enterprise that the argument took hold that it was no longer financially viable. It has been georeferenced by the Map Collections team at the National Library of Scotland, allowing a smooth transfer between the 1804 map and a modern satellite image.. He left more than £100,000 on his death.5 A case like his son, Hugh Blackburn, also raises the question of what counts as a slavery derived fortune. Some of the many mixed-race children that resulted were given their freedom but many more remained slaves. Orange order allows the truth to be seen and I would suggest you read about them in Ireland and look at what they have done with divide and rule. Your constant censorship of me surely proves my point. In Jamaica at the time, slaves far outnumbered their white counterparts by twelve to one (12-1). Slavery is an evil. But what the f… does that have to do with the absolute disgrace that is slavery, this is a totally different issue? There were many ordinary Scots who gave a lot of time, effort and sacrifice in the cause of seeking freedom.”. Hector Macneil's memoirs contain … My last name is Ross and is a Scottish sir name. Scottish slave masters and slave owners played a significant part in British slavery. Macaulay’s recollections from her trip to Glasgow were illuminating: “Although Glasgow was made rich by sugar and tobacco and that great wealth is still evident in lavish buildings; in general, the Scots have felt slavery was an English crime because they were less directly involved in the trafficking of human beings. Historians in both Scotland and Jamaica were generous in giving me leads, but it was a conversation with Fife-based novelist, James Robertson that turned my own journey into something altogether more intriguing. A Sweet Forgetting is being exhibited as part of Document Scotland’s The Ties That Bind photography exhibition, which runs at the Scottish National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh until April 26. But Scotland was also home to slaves who were great instigators in winning their freedom. It is a despicable thing that devalues image bearers of God . 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