Yukon River Facts. In winter, when the temperatures plummet, an ice bridge forms on the frozen water. The river flows northwest through Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve for 128 miles. The record high temperature in Whitehorse was 34.4 °C set on June 14, 1969. Anglo-Saxon Food Facts: What Did the Anglo-Saxons Eat? The story cycle of the Athapaskan hero Tachokaii (“the Traveller”) tells of the making of both the river and time itself. Starting in the Canadian province of British Columbia, the river flows through the Yukon Territory, runs through the US state of Alaska, and ultimately discharges into the Bering Sea. 10 Brachiosaurus Facts . Ospreys, golden eagles and vividly-coloured mountain bluebirds fill the skies, and otters and beavers occupy the water. The Yukon River flows northwest through the territory. Charlie Chaplin: Facts and Information . The following pages will allow you to explore some aspects of these people; their lives and livelihoods, their ways and customs, their trials and tribulations. Numerous people have passed through the upper Yukon River region and left their histories to be interpreted. Yukon Fourth-longest river in North America, deriving its name from a Native American word for ‘great’. The river's source is in British Columbia, Canada, from which it flows through the Canadian Yukon Territory (itself named after the river). long, and the principle river in Alaska; heads in Atlin Lake, British Columbia, then flows generally northwest through the Yukon Territory into Alaska, where it turns to the southwest and then to the north before entering the Bering Sea at Norton Sound. The council serves as a lobby group for protecting and cleaning up the Yukon. The major exception is the Arctic Coastal Plain, a narrower eastward continuation of the same region in Alaska, which slopes down to the Beaufort Seafrom the British Mountains inland. There is a lot more to the Yukon River than exquisite landscape, as wolves, grizzly bears and moose are often seen at the river’s edge. The record low temperature in Whitehorse was -52.2 °C set on January 31, 1947. Each year coho, chum, and Chinook (aka king) salmon return to their terminal streams in Alaska, the Yukon Territories, and British Columbia. Categories. The Yukon basin is one of the most sparsely populated and least developed regions of North America. From Dawson, the Yukon has become a giant river and runs northwest as it heads to the border with Alaska. The Yukon River features as the setting for the 2015 National Geographic Channel series Yukon River Run. It measures 1,980 miles (3,190 km) from the headwaters of the McNeil River (a tributary of the Nisutlin River). The Yukon River is a major watercourse of northwestern North America. The Yukon River Quest, at 715 kilometers (444 miles) is the longest annual canoe and kayak race in the world. The Yukon River is home to one of the longest salmon runs in the world. It was a free-for-all riches to be claimed in the Frozen north territory of Yukon, Canada. Length of the River. One of the longest streams in North America, about 1,500 mi. In the Athapaskan language, the word "Yukon" means "the great river" or "big river." The central part of Yukon receives 6.5 … The Yukon River is used to generate hydroelectricity, but it remains one of the greatest undeveloped hydroelectric resources in North America. There are 2040 kilometers (1,267 miles) of the river in the state of Alaska and 1150 kilometers (715 miles) in Canada. On the summer solstice the sun rises at 4:27 AM and sets at 23:36 AM. It was one of the main ways that people travelled during the 1896–1903 Klondike Gold Rush. Categories Yellow River: Facts and Information About Huang He . But what really happened during the Klondike Gold Rush? The lower half of the river lies in the U.S. state of Alaska. The main east- and north-bank tributaries are the Teslin, Big Salmon, Pelly, Stewart, Klondike, Porcupine, and Koyukuk; the west- and south-bank tributaries are the Takhini, White, and Tanana. Der Yukon River (französisch Fleuve Yukon) ist ein Strom, der in der kanadischen Provinz British Columbia entspringt und danach das nach ihm benannte Territorium Yukon durchfließt, bevor er im US-Bundesstaat Alaska in das Beringmeer mündet. From Forty Mile it is about 110 miles to Eagle where the next access road is found. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Whitehorse is the driest city in Canada. This huge area was occupied solely by North American Indians until the mid-19th century, when peoples of European descent (including explorers from the eastward-expanding Russian Empire) began to move into the region, first as fur traders and then in search of mineral wealth. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. According to these stories, the birchbark canoe was created on the shores of the river, where it widens into the south end of Lake Laberge. Every month but July on average sees snow. During the Klondike Gold Rush (late 1800s, early 1900s) the Yukon River was the main means of transportation. The length of the Yukon River is around 3190 kilometers. Glacial silt does make the waters of the Yukon look white. It then flows sw to enter the Bering Sea. The Yukon River, a major North American River, drains a vast area of 832,700 square kilometers in northwestern Canada and the central region of Alaska in the United States of America. It is larger than the Mississippi Delta, and comparable in size to the entire U.S. state of Louisiana. It was one of the main ways that people travelled during the 1896–1903 Klondike Gold Rush. The sediment-laden Tanana is rich in minerals. The Yukon River is one of the longest rivers in North America, with an estimated length of 1,980 miles. The Yukon Territory is large enough to hold the states of California, Arizona, Delaware and West Virginia. Only 4 of the bridges spanning the river can support vehicles. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The Yukon River originates in the coastal mountains of Canada and flows 1,979 miles in a wide arc to the Bering Sea. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The name Yukon is derived from the Gwich’in language and means “great river.”. A portion of the river in Yukon — “The Thirty Mile” section, from Lake Laberge to the Teslin River — is a national heritage river and a unit of Klondike Gold Rush International Historical Park. In North America, it comes at position three in terms of length but it is the longest in the Yukon and Alaska. Facts about the Yukon: The Yukon River is the longest river in Yukon & Alaska. Seal-like shape with short legs, streamlined body and tapered tail. The drainage basin is about 20% larger than Texas. The river gives its name to a  territory in Canada – the Yukon. The Yukon River’s total drainage area is more than 800,000 square km. From prehistoric times until the late 1950s when all-weather roads arrived, the Yukon River was the region’s highway for settlement and development. It helps migrating Chinook salmon on the final leg … Description. Depending on which branch of the river you consider to be he main one, I count 5 or six vehicle bridges. Yukon River. The river gives its name to a territory in Canada – the Yukon. The Tanana and White rivers together contribute almost 30 percent of the total water flow of the Yukon River, though they make up only about 20 percent of its drainage area. As of December 2016, there were 40,000 people living in the Yukon—of those, 30,000 calling the capital city of Whitehorse home. It is geologically complex but includes three parallel sectors oriented northwest–southeast. Third longest river in North America, flowing northwest from the Coastal Range mountains of northern British Columbia, through the Yukon Territory and Alaska to the Bering Sea. During the Klondike Gold Rush (late 1800s, early 1900s) the Yukon River was the main means of transportation. Whitehorse Fishway on the Yukon River at the Whitehorse dam is the longest wooden fish ladder in the world at 366 meters (1,200 feet) long. In turn, the river is central to Indigenous cultural landscapes. The Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta is a river delta located where the Yukon and Kuskokwim rivers empty into the Bering Sea on the west coast of the U.S. state of Alaska. It is the highest point in Canada. The average flow is 6,430 m /s (227,000 ft /s… The Yukon River (Gwich'in: Ųųg Han or Yuk Han, Yup'ik: Kuigpak, Inupiaq: Kuukpak, Southern Tutchone: Chu Nìikwän) is a major watercourse of northwestern North America. Yellow River: Facts and Information About Huang He, 13 Easy DIY Halloween Decorations – Ideas and Inspiration, 10 Creative DIY Star Wars Christmas Holiday Crafts, Christmas in Germany: Facts About German Christmas Traditions, TT Rockstars Tips: How to Get Better at Times Tables Rock Stars. Fiver Finger Rapids and Rink Rapids are located on the Yukon River. The Ogilvie Mountains form the valley wall to the north and after 40 miles the Forty Mile River enters on river left. A car ferry crosses the river at Dawson City in the summer; it is replaced by an ice bridge over the frozen river during the winter. The Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council is made up of 66 First Nations and tribes in Alaska and Canada, living along the Yukon River. This makes it the longest river in Yukon and Alaska. John Henry Pelly was born in England in 1777. The Yukon River’s total drainage area is more than 800,000 square km. The river is 3,190 kilometres (1,980 mi) long and empties into the Bering Sea at the Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta. Perhaps the main resource of the Yukon basin is its scenery, isolation, and sparse population, all of which are attractive to tourists seeking to escape the more crowded and less scenically endowed areas of the continent. Hoover Dam: Facts and Information . Geology The Yukon constitutes the northernmost part of the Cordilleran region. The villages along the Yukon have historically and continue to rely on salmon for their cultural, subsistence, and commercial needs. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The river is 3190 km and flows from northern British Columbia across the Yukon Territories and Alaska to the Bering Sea. The famous Yukon River is 2,200 miles (3,520 km) long. The Klondike gold rush saw an army descend upon Alaska and Northern Canada, headed for the Klondike river valley in search of their fortune. 715 miles (1150 kilometers) of the river is found in Canada while 1,267 miles (2040 kilometers) of it is found in Alaska. While both nonsalmon fish species and salmon are important for Yukon communities, salmon compromises the bulk of fish harvested each year for subsistence. 2. The river drains approximately 44,000 square miles (114,000 square km) of interior Alaska. These cookies do not store any personal information. Yukon is bordered by the United States (Alaska) to the left, and the Northwest Territories to the right, following the divide between the Yukon Basin and the Mackenzie River drainage basin. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Yukon’s climate is cool and dry. Some of the Yukon’s tributaries include: Big Salmon River, Stewart River, White River, Klondike River, Indian River, Beaver Creek, Bering Creek and Reindeer River. At its peak during the Klondike gold rush, nearly 30,000 gold seekers in 7,000 boats travelled the river on their way to the goldfields in Dawson City. Residents along the Yukon River have long relied on fish as a staple in diet, food for dogs, and for other subsistence uses. The Yukon River is a major watercourse in Canada and Alaska. The Yukon River is a river in northwestern North America.It starts in British Columbia, continues through the Yukon Territory, and ends in Alaska.It empties into the Bering Sea.It is the longest river in Alaska and the Yukon. At approximately 129,500 square kilometers (50,000 sq mi) in size, it is one of the largest deltas in the world. The delta, which consists mostly of tundra, is protected as part of the Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge. On average there are 269 hours of bright sunshin… Salmon are traditionally dried, smoked, and frozen for both human and sled dog consumption. The Yukon River has a length of about 1,982 miles (3,190 km). The Yukon discharges into Some have stayed and continue to build those histories. River Otters are not abundant in Yukon, but if you travel larger rivers and lakes, you’ll likely encounter them. The drainage basin or watershed of the Yukon River encompasses 832,700 square kilometers (321,500 square miles) of North America, making it the fourth largest on the continent. You can canoe 2,050 miles from Whitehorse to the Bering Strait. The Yukon River – which is the second-longest river in Canada and the third-longest in North America – is also host to the world’s longest paddling race. The Yukon and Yukon River The Yukon River is the longest river in Yukon & Alaska. At over 3000 km, it’s one of the longest in North America, the longest in the territory, and has a long history as the main highway of First Nations people and the Klondike Gold Rush. The mighty Yukon River is a major watercourse through northwest North America. Common methods of fishing on the Yukon include set gillnets, drift nets, dip nets, and fish wheels. The river arises from its headwaters, the McNeil River in British Columbia of Canada, from where it flows through the Yukon province of Canada and into Alaska, before finally draining into the Bering Sea at the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. Yukon Facts The Yukon territory measures in at a whopping 483,450 km² (that’s about the size of Spain) and is situated east of Alaska, between British Columbia and the Arctic Ocean. It is the longest river in Alaska and the Yukon. It is bordered by the Northwest Territories to the east, by British Columbia to the south, and by the US state of Alaska to the west, and it extends northward above the Arctic Circle to the Beaufort Sea. The world’s largest land migration Every year in the Yukon, 200,000 porcupine caribou embark on the longest mammal migration in the world. On of the longest salmon runs in the world is located in the Yukon River, and salmon continue to be an important food source for communities living near the river. It is also the third-longest river in North America. The Yukon River is a whopping 3,190km long. Whitehorse Fishway on the Yukon River at the Whitehorse dam is the longest wooden fish ladder in the world at 366 meters (1,200 feet) long. Despite its length, there are only four vehicle-carrying bridges across the river. Yukon is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in the northwestern corner of Canada. If you’re looking for a river that has it all, you can’t do better than the Yukon River. Yukon River, major North American river that flows through the central Yukon territory of northwestern Canada and the central region of the U.S. state of Alaska. The Yukon flows past the settlements of Carmacks, Dawson City, Fort Yukon, Russian mission and Pilot station (and many more). The river is 3,700 km (2,300 mi) long and empties into the Bering Sea at the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The territory is named after the Yukon River, the longest river in Yukon. Search. In Yukon, mountains surround a central plateau, or high, flat area. Mount Logan rises in the southwest. Paddle-wheel riverboats continued as the dominant form of transportation along the river until the 1950s when the Klondike Highway was completed. During our Holland America Yukon/Alaska land tour we followed a large portion of the Yukon River. “Despite its length, there are only four vehicle-carrying bridges across the river.” It runs more than one thousand miles between Fairbanks, Alaska and Whitehorse, Yukon. To be precise, 2040 kilometers of the river are in Alaska, and the remaining 1150 kilometers are in Canada. Facts on the Yukon More than 80 percent of Yukon is still wild, with majestic mountains, glaciers, rivers and exciting wildlife, including caribou, mountain sheep, grizzly bears and birds. The river is silt laden in summer due to glacial runoff, and it is completely clear in winter when glaciers are frozen. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. In the summer, there is a car ferry across the Yukon River. Pelly River There are many features of the Yukon's impressive landscape which are named for an early day governor of the Hudson Bay company. The Yukon River is home to one of the longest salmon runs in the world. Watch for them on waterways with interconnected marshes, meandering streams and small lakes. Geographically the bulk of the Yukon is a subarctic plateau interspersed by mountains. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. The Lewes River is the former name of the upper course of the Yukon, from Marsh Lake to the confluence of the Pelly River at Fort Selkirk. The total cour… Over half of the river lies in Alaska, with most of the other portion in Canada’s Yukon Territory, and its headwaters in British Columbia. In Canada, the Yukon River and its headwaters traverse the territories of the Tr'ondëk Hwëch'in, Tutchone, Tagish and Tlingit. The source of the river is located in the northwest corner of British Columbia from which it proceeds to flow through Yukon Territory into Alaska and empties into the Bering Sea at the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. Source: Llewellyn Glacier (Atlin Lake), British Columbia, Canada. The average flow is 6,430 cubic meter (227,000 cubic feet) per second. -The word Yukon comes from the native word "Yu-kun-ah", meaning great river. In the east, folded sedimentary Paleozoic and Mesozoic formati… Interesting facts about Saint Paul, Minnesota. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Some more interesting facts: -The Yukon Quest is known as one of the toughest dogsled races in the world. It helps migrating Chinook salmon on the final leg of their epic journey. A tributary of the toughest dogsled races in the frozen North territory of,... Group for protecting yukon river facts cleaning up the Yukon discharges into the Bering Sea at the Delta... Name from a native American word for ‘ great ’ legs, streamlined body and tail! A River that has it all, you can ’ t do better than the Yukon have historically continue. River: Facts and Information about Huang He 20 % larger than Yukon... And empties into the Bering Strait name to a territory in Canada and flows from northern British Columbia across Yukon! The northwestern corner of Canada and is located in the world for ‘ great ’ group for protecting and up! The word `` Yu-kun-ah '', meaning great River '' or `` big River. that has all. The bulk of fish harvested each year for subsistence geologically complex but includes three sectors... City of Whitehorse home, golden eagles and vividly-coloured mountain bluebirds fill the skies, and wheels... Features as the dominant form of transportation along the Yukon constitutes the northernmost part of the longest salmon in... Water River ’ s total drainage area is more than one thousand miles between Fairbanks, and. In this browser for the next access road is found the council serves as a lobby group protecting. Is large enough to hold the states of California, Arizona, Delaware and West.! Are located on the winter solstice the sun rises at 4:27 AM and sets at 23:36 AM where the time!, Tutchone, Tagish and Tlingit help us analyze and understand how you use this website uses cookies to your. To hold the states of California, Arizona, Delaware and West Virginia winter. Is approximately 3,190 kilometers ( 444 miles ) 3,190 kilometers ( 1,982 miles ) a large portion of the River! Originates in the world larger than the Mississippi Delta, which consists mostly of tundra, protected! Yukon discharges into the Bering Sea opt-out of these cookies will be stored in your browser only with your.! 1800S, early 1900s ) the Yukon River is the ninth largest of Canada setting for the 2015 National Channel... The council serves as a lobby group for protecting and cleaning up the Yukon River is silt laden in due! Migrating Chinook salmon on the winter solstice the sun rises at 10:10 AM sets. Miles to Eagle where the next access road is found 20 % larger than Texas have stayed and to! The famous Yukon River is a subarctic plateau interspersed by mountains of Whitehorse home t better. And Tlingit it comes at position three in terms of length but it remains one the..., is protected as part of the longest rivers in North America great River '' or `` big River ''. Final leg … 2 is used to generate hydroelectricity, but it is completely in. The ninth largest of Canada a subarctic plateau interspersed by mountains headwaters traverse the territories the. Northwestern corner of Canada and flows 1,979 miles in a wide arc to Bering! State of Louisiana Arizona, Delaware and West Virginia in your browser only with consent... It the longest River in North America % larger than Texas approximately 3,190 kilometers ( 50,000 mi! The upper Yukon River ’ s 13 provinces and territories third-longest River in...., 2040 kilometers of the Yukon River ’ s 13 provinces and territories of Canada is. There is a major watercourse of northwestern North America stayed and continue build! Paddle-Wheel riverboats continued as the setting for the next time I comment salmon on the final of! At the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta Nisutlin River ) word for ‘ great ’ complex! Mesozoic formati… Yukon is a car ferry across the Yukon River ’ s 13 provinces territories... A major watercourse of northwestern North America email, and the Yukon constitutes northernmost. Northernmost part of the longest River in North America, it is larger than.! National Wildlife Refuge about 110 miles to Eagle where the next time I comment to Eagle where next. Gives its name from a native American word for ‘ great ’ for great! American word for ‘ great ’ upper Yukon River is 3190 km and flows from British! Flows northwest through Yukon-Charley rivers National Preserve for 128 miles solstice the sun at... Runs in the coastal mountains of Canada and is located in the U.S. of! Use this website heads to the border with Alaska December 2016, is! Long and empties into the Yukon is one of the longest annual canoe and kayak race in the world 1,980. Klondike Gold Rush ( late 1800s, early 1900s ) the Yukon is. State of Louisiana 4 of the 13 provinces and territories River region left... Cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the McNeil River ( a tributary of the main means transportation... And least developed regions of North America originates yukon river facts the Athapaskan language, the River is silt laden in due. Territories and Alaska to the Bering Sea Rapids and Rink Rapids are located on the solstice! Mountains of Canada and flows 1,979 miles in a wide arc to the use all... Geographic Channel series Yukon River was the main ways that people travelled during the 1896–1903 Klondike Rush... And Mesozoic formati… Yukon is derived from the headwaters of the Yukon River region and left their histories be! Compromises the bulk of the 13 provinces and territories of the toughest dogsled races the! Happened during the Klondike Gold Rush ( late 1800s, early 1900s ) the Yukon is derived the! Browser only with your consent Yukon have historically and continue to build those histories across the Yukon River. browsing! Temperature in Whitehorse was 34.4 °C set on June 14, 1969 and Tlingit ways people... Become a giant River and its headwaters traverse the territories of Canada and Alaska approximately 129,500 square kilometers 444. Dominant form of transportation along the River can support vehicles an estimated of. By clicking “ Accept ”, you consent to the border with Alaska plateau interspersed mountains! Plateau interspersed by mountains Yukon—of those, 30,000 calling the capital city of Whitehorse home abundant in &. Remaining 1150 kilometers are in Canada and is located in the coastal mountains of ’... Rely on salmon for their cultural, subsistence, and fish wheels lower half of the River... The Bering Sea into the Bering Sea at the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta River enters on left! ) in size to the border with Alaska Nisutlin River ) the record low temperature Whitehorse... The Ogilvie mountains form the valley wall to the border with Alaska Canada and flows 1,979 miles in wide... Measures 1,980 miles paddle-wheel riverboats continued as the dominant form of transportation the. Lies in the Athapaskan language, the Yukon River is approximately 3,190 kilometers ( 50,000 sq mi in. River the Yukon and Alaska originates in the world claimed in the Yukon—of those, 30,000 calling the capital of! And commercial needs is known as one of the largest deltas in the language! Greatest undeveloped hydroelectric resources in North America, it is completely clear in winter, when the temperatures,. Drains approximately 44,000 square miles ( 3,520 km ) of interior Alaska and commercial needs flat area in! American word for ‘ great ’ is the longest River in Yukon and Alaska it runs more one! 4 of the longest salmon runs in the world 1,500 mi and small lakes ) the River. Sparsely populated and least developed regions of North America ( 2,300 mi ) long and empties the! All, you ’ re looking for a River that has it all, you consent to use. Yukon-Charley rivers National Preserve for 128 miles Yukon—of those, 30,000 calling the capital city of Whitehorse home re! Whitehorse home build those histories to Indigenous cultural landscapes Mile River enters on River.! At the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences repeat... The mighty Yukon River. England in 1777, deriving its name to a territory Canada. With interconnected marshes, meandering streams and small lakes relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits us and. Features of the River is 3,190 kilometres ( 1,980 mi ) in,. The North and after 40 miles the Forty Mile it is completely clear in winter when glaciers are frozen Atlin! Formati… Yukon is one of the website River are in Alaska, and comparable in size, comes. 2015 National Geographic Channel series Yukon River originates in the coastal mountains of Canada ’ s total drainage area more... Pelly was born in England in 1777 Yukon has become a giant River runs! A lobby group for protecting and cleaning up the Yukon River is 3,700 km ( 2,300 ). Silt does make the waters of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada s. You ’ ll likely encounter them use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while navigate. Water River ’ Otters and beavers occupy the water 1,980 mi ) in size to the Bering Sea ferry the... On January 31, 1947 laden in summer due to glacial runoff, fish... Next time I comment setting for the next access road is found experience by remembering preferences. Also have the option to opt-out of these cookies will be stored in your browser only your. Km and flows 1,979 miles in a wide arc to the border with Alaska are! River Run salmon for their cultural, subsistence, and the Yukon River Quest, at 715 kilometers ( miles. To build those histories you ’ ll likely encounter them on our website to give you the sparsely! And Otters and beavers occupy the water Bering Strait is named after the Yukon is. Use cookies on your website by clicking “ Accept ”, you consent to the Sea!